Chapter One Summary
Herbert Clutter seems that he is trying his best to raise his two youngest children while helping them lead a normal life and successfully excel in school. At the same time he has to take time out of his day to tend to his ranch and take care of his mentally distraught wife, Bonnie Clutter, for she go has her days when she can go back to “The old Bonnie Clutter” and there are times when she is in the deepest of her depressions.
Herb’s two youngest kids Nancy Clutter and Kenyon Clutter are very prosperous in school and have quite a good reputation around town as two well respected teens in the community, especially Nancy. She takes the lead role in the school’s plays; also she tutors the younger kids around the town, teaches musical lessons, and even finds time for her local 4-H program. Her perfectly manicured, up-to-the-minute, schedule that she takes pride in allows her to stay organized and even finds time to have her own time with her boyfriend. Her brother Kenyon Clutter keeps more to himself and only has one real friend, unfortunately he is frequently occupied by his new girlfriend, and doesn’t seem to have as much time on his hands to hang out with his buddy Kenyon.
Meanwhile Dick and Perry are two recently paroled convicts that served time in Lancing prison, and both had recently been released, on parole. Dick has devised a master plan to what seems like the best senseless crime in Holcomb history. Perry was recruited by Dick, while in prison, because Dick had got to see a side of Perry that he did not usually display, and he saw potential for Perry’s ability to commit a senseless crime too.
Herb’s wife Bonnie has been in and out of mental institutions due to her deteriorating mental state. And even though many people in the community do not talk about her struggles with depression, they always have it in the back of their heads.
The quote I am choosing came from Bonnie Clutter in chapter one of the book, when Susan Kidwell’s mom discovered her sobbing her eyes out, all alone in her room like a little child in a sour mood. The quote reads, “Don’t” Bonnie cried. “I’m not hot. I’m cold. I’m freezing. Lord, Lord, Lord, Lord.” There is a lot of significance in this quote because it highlights the severity of Bonnie Clutter’s spells. Also it shows how distanced she is from the rest of the people in her community. I found it odd that even though, invited, guests were free roaming her property she did not bother to be a good enough host to entertain them or even show her face. I think that Bonnie’s mental condition is going to be a big deciding factor in many situations throughout the book. For example when Herb goes on a political trip to Washington, he would probably he would most likely have to leave Nancy in charge because Bonnie is incapable of making decisions. Also if for the slight chance that bonnie were not killed in the quadruple murders, Herb would probably have it in his will that his two eldest daughters, surviving daughters, would inherit the land because Bonnie’s poor decision making skills could run the farm straight into the ground. This quote also gives us our own first real look into Bonnie’s spells and as you can see she can sometimes act irrational during a spell, because she would rather stay cooped up in her room, like a chicken, all by herself in the sweltering summer heat. Also she probably is in such a bad mental condition that she doesn’t even know that she is harming herself staying in her hot bedroom. So now we know how bad Bonnie’s mental condition is and I think that is going to be something to look out for.
The second and final quote I chose was said By Dick to Perry in chapter one of the book. The quote is really simple but it is very important to the text and it reads “no witnesses.” First of all I inferred from this quote that Dick and Perry would carry out whatever maniacal plan they had, with no regard for human life, and they pretty much did not care that they were going to shake town down to its core over a senseless act to rob an innocent family. I think the number one thing that was going through Dick’s head was do not go back to prison and he knew that if there were any witnesses at the scene of the crime there would be an extremely high chance that he and his new accomplice Perry would be going back to prison, and he would do anything in his power in order to not go back to that hell hole (Lancing) that he was just released from, so he killed everyone that could have been a witness in the robbery, and that ended up being Kenyon, Nancy, Bonnie, and Herb Clutter. This quote is also so crucial to the text because it describes how ruthless the two killers Dick and Perry were because they were willing to kill anyone who got in their path in order to not go back to jail, they were also willing to kill the nuns that they were going to buy stockings from when they were collecting supplies for the quadruple murder. Also this quote reveals that the two were very desperate to not go back to jail because they had the opportunity to not kill the family because they were all bound and they could have made off with their loot, but they did not want to leave any loose ends.
“Like waters of the river, like the traffic of the highway, and the yellow trains streaking down Santa Fe tracks, drama in the shape of exceptional happenings had never stopped here.” This one sentence contains personification, similes, and irony. This literary element is basically saying to us that the city of Holcomb had not seen the slightest glimpse of crime and not a single glimmer of anythinh exceptional happening. This is ironic because book is about four brutal, and senseless murders to an innocent family, so its ironic that the author would be talking about how quite they city of Holcmb is while he knew that he was going to write about a quadruple murder. The simile would be the author comparing the cars, trains, and water to the fact that drama never stops in the town of Holcomb. The simile helps exaggerate how drama free Holcomb is. If this simile were not used I do not think that the fact that the town of Holcomb was dram free would have been conveyed and we, as the audience, probably would have thought that crime was frequent in this small town. Lastly I felt that personification was used because the author gave the human traits to the stopping of the water, the yellow trains barreling down the track, and the motorists on the highway.
“The touching the brim of his cap, he headed for home and the days work unaware that it would be his last.” This rhetorical device is a forshadowment of what is to come in the future of the book. Using this particular rhetorical device has many interests swirling throughout my mind, mainly that Herb Clutter was going to be die and very soon, but in my opinion his death would have come relatively soon because it was only the first chapter of the book. I think the reason why the author put this rhetorical device here so early in the passage was to give bate to the reader that would totally change the plot of the story. The perception of the text would b that the hunters from North Carolina that trespassed on Herb litter’s property would have been the ones to carry out the murders because he would not allow them to hunt on his land. But in truth it was Perry and Dick that committed the murders and maybe the author wanted to confuse us, as the readers, or possibly have us have a different perception of the book. So instead of suspecting Dick and Perry for the crimes, like I did at the beginning from when the author introduced them, I actually thought for a second that it could of possibly have been those hunters from the Carolinas that had a grudge on Herb.
The last rhetorical device that I chose for chapter one of the nook reads “The mood of misery that descendant never altogether lifted it, lingered like a cloud that might rain or might not.” This rhetorical device depicts how much of a toll child birth had on Bonnie Clutter. The rhetorical device being used is a simile. By comparing the misery of her depression after child birth to a cloud looming over her that could or could not rain greatly enhances the text because we know that her spells of depression could come at any time of the day and no matter how good her mod the cloud that would haunt hr was always there waiting to rain on her mood. I think the author decided this particular rhetorical device in this particular place in the book so that we the reader, again, can take have a more detailed insight into Bonnie Clutter’s mental condition, and also I think that he wants us to know how Bonnie Clutter’s spells works and really they are from day to day. Without this literary device I do not think that many would understand the severity of Bonnie Clutter’s condition and also how it worked, it was a day to day thing. One day she was fine and the next she could be confined to her room with no one to talk to.
Throughout section one of the book I took notice in many themes but about three jumped out to me. The three that I chose were grief, barbaric, and tragedy. Grief is an important theme throughout the chapter at some point or another lot of people felt this emotion in this chapter. Nancy’s friends and boyfriend Bobby were especially grief stricken because they had just lost their best friend. The post lady, when she heard of this tragedy felt bad for the family and evidently she was grief stricken by what happed, because if it happened to a family as well loved and respected as the Clutter’s it could happen to anyone. My second theme is barbarianisms because the two men that carried out this senseless crime and killed this innocent family had to be barbarians to shoot a whole family of four in cold blood at point blank for no reason. The third and final theme that I felt held significance was tragedy, and I think this is the most important of the three because first of all the town had never gone through something as tragic as this before, and what happened to the Clutter’s was tragic. Also I think that tragedy is the best word to describe the chapter, because it is something bad that happens unexpectedly and that is exactly what happened to the poor Clutters.
My heart throbs and is deeply saddened that a whole family was erased from the earth like that for no reason. My heart feels sadness for the whole family and is finding it really hard to forgive the two criminals that committed this horrendous crime. But at the same time my heart is not the only part of my body that feels a certain way about this horrible thing that happened to the Clutters. My soul and y moral conscience ask this question over and over “where were these killer’s consciences when they decided that they were going to one by one kill every single family member in that house that night.” And if I could go back to the scene of the crime that night wish I could talk them down from doing what they did even if the family had seen their faces, and even have them turn themselves in. My moral spirit despises the two men and wants to turn then them in myself, because who could be so barbaric, senseless, and idiotic to do something at this magnitude and think they could be able to get away with it. Also I like justice or vengeance should be served, and if the same thing would happen to Perry and Dick’s family, then so be it, and if the law get to them and they were to be executed then so be it because they deserve either one. My mind is also trying to wrap my mind around how the crime could go so terribly wrong, how a simple robbery could turn into a quadruple homicide. My mind wants to exhaust every resource and catch these two criminals, when they were on the run. But after al this I have to forgive the two criminals because they were probably not in their right mind when they decided to on the night they decided to do this, and I guess you can say I have learned to forgive because of this book.
Chapter Two Summary
In chapter two of the book Truman Capote, the author, introduces a number of few characters, for example special agent A.A Dewey, Mr. Dunts, Mr. Church, and Mr. Nye. These men are investigators from the state of Kansas ad when a crime occurs and it gets to be too much to handle for the local police force, these special agents come in to assist with the case.
The Clutter house hold has been cleaned out by a few of Herb’s closest friends who thought it would be the Christian thing to do, so they volunteered to clean their deceased friend’s house out. Mr. Alfred Stoklein also volunteered and he decided to be overly vocal about the crime and what he thought happened to the Clutters. Stoklein was discussing with Herb’s friends, and telling them how it would b impossible for him to have committed the crime because he had a sick baby at home and he also stated that he did not even hear a peep from the Clutter home all night long. I felt that this conversation he was having with herb’ acquaintances was something to look out for further down the line in the book as the plot unravel, also he could be a suspect in this crime.
Lead detective Dewey knew the Clutters personally so he was extra passionate with this case. A while after stationing in Holcomb, Dewey held a press conference with the public telling them his theory of how and why this horrible thing happened to the Clutters. Meanwhile hundreds of miles away in Tara Dick and Perry were ready to depart from the United States to Mexico where they were sure they could start a new life, with the little money they had acquired from the Clutters. Dick was reluctant because he knew he was leaving behind the family he loved, kids that adored him, and a wife that despised. Perry on the other hand had no family and was excited to leave so he could start a new life that had always dreamed of.
The first quote that I chose from the second chapter of the book was said by Herb on the night of the murder and it reads, “Oh no! Oh, please No! No! No! Don’t oh please don’t please!” I think these work that were gasped out of a man’s mouth that had a severely severed throat, were the most important words of the whole book, because it shows that Mr. Clutter’s attackers showed no mercy to Herb of his wife and children, which one-hundred percent contradicts the theory of detective Dewey that the murders had it in their best interest to make Herb and his family comfortable while they were being robbed and murdered. His quote add another perspective on the night Herb and his family were murdered, and from the pleads that he gasped from his slit neck it does not look light he put up a good enough fight to fend off the attackers. But he still pleaded to Dick and Perry that they spare his mentally disabled wife and innocent kids, but they did not even do that. Also the way he pleaded it kind of made me think that he had regret in is voice almost as if he knew his attackers and he knew that they were coming after him possibly for an unpaid debt and sadly Mr. Clutter could not do anything about his fate that was unfolding right before his eyes, but that is just a theory but f this were true it would confirm many speculations that were already swirling throughout the town. Many though that Herb was secretly a shady guy and was involved with illegal activities. This quote especially stood out to me because it kind of revealed what was happening on the Clutter house on the night of the quadruple murders, while the crime was being committed, and that was the unnerving question that was nagging every citizen in the small city of Holcomb, what happened that night that would provoke two men to aggressively and savagely murder a family of four for possibly no reason.
The second quote I chose for my quote analysis of chapter two of the book In Cold Blood was said by Mr. Smith who had previously quarreled with Herb Clutter before the night of the murder and that made him a prime suspect in the case. The quote reads “Every time I think of the bastard, my hands tart to twitch, I just want to choke hm.” This remark was heard by a witness in the local bar that then tipped off police and detective, they were all over Smith like white on rice, a further search of his house though revealed that he had rope tied in the same style the killers used to bound the Clutter family down on the night of the murders, they also discovered the same caliber shotgun that was used to kill each family member, and police found that quite peculiar. Unfortunately a polygraph administered to him revealed that he was innocent and he has a solid alibi o the night of the murders. This quote is very important because if it was not for the polygraph people would be thinking that Mr. Smith who could have easily been suspected of killing the Clutters, killed them, but he really did not do anything at all. Investigator would have been fully convinced that Smith did it, because on one occasion, he showed up drunk and belligerent to the Clutter hoe and he had to be escorted out at gun point by Mr. Clutter. I think that this quote, before the polygraph test, was most likely foreshadowing Smith wrongfully being pinned as the culprit of this horrendous crime. Also I think that the author put this he as another plot twist for readers, to lead us to believe that maybe just maybe Dick and Perry were not the ones who murdered the Clutter.
The first literary device that I chose came in the second chapter of the book on page one hundred-one, and it reads “imagination, of course, can open any door–turn the key and let terror walk right in.” This sentence is personifying or giving human like characteristics to inanimate objects. So the author used the inanimate imagination and gave it a human-like characteristic such as opening a door and turning a lock. This literary device enhances the text because it shows that the store clerk believes that the people of Holcomb are only feeding fuel to their own mass hysteria, and it is only the imagination that is scaring them into buying new and expensive at the hardware store. I think the author put this literary device here to reinforce the idea that Dick and Perry were totally out on the other side of the country steering clear of Holcomb as a whole, and the immediate danger they had posed was gone. The imagination of the people of Holcomb was only hurting themselves because it was causing a normally tight knit community to not even be able to trust one another and their own neighbors. I do think that if this literary device was not used we would not have known the true terror that lurked in every citizen of Holcomb’s mind.
The second literary device that I chose fro chapter two of the book was said by detective A.A Dewey on page ninety six while he and his team of detectives were pouring over the heaping mounds of evidence, tips, and leads from the Clutter case, and it reads, “Like those puzzle . The ones that ask, how many animals can you find in the picture? In a way that is what I’m trying to do find those hidden animals in the picture. I feel like they must be there –if only I could just see them.” Using a metaphor which is two things that are compared that are not using like or as, the author compare the hidden pieces of a puzzle to the evidence that seems to be right in their faces so to speak but they just cannot see it yet. If only detective Dewey could find those hidden animals he would easily be able to blow this case wide open. This literary device reveals that Dick and Perry went to great lengths so that they could leave as little evidence as possible, because a team of highly trained detective a scratching the heads to find the slightest bit of evidence so that they can build some type of solid case.
The third and final literary device that I chose for the second chapter of the book In Cold Blood is found on page eighty-four and it is said by the K.B.I. agent, which stands for (Kansas Bureau of investigation) investigator Harold Nye who is also one of the lead detective son the Clutter case with detective Dewey said “It is painful for you to and it is painful for them. When it comes down to murder, you can’t respect grief, or privacy, or personal feelings. This quote is very important to the text because it describes how detectives interrogate the family of a criminal and why they do it. They do not spare feelings, in a murder case especially because they are just looking for answers and that is all, and that is how detective Dewey interrogated Dick’s family. The literary element that was being used was an anaphora. An anaphor is when the beginning syllable is repeatedly used more than twice in two consecutive sentences. As you can see the word or is repeated in three consecutive sentences actually, making it an anaphora. I also find this quote important because even with bobby the boyfriend of Nancy Clutter, they brought him into the police station multiple times as if he were a suspect in her murder and like Harold Nye said detectives really do not care about your privacy, they will go up and search you house whenever they please to locate the answers they are looking for and they don’t care how much grief you ar experiencing they will call you up to the station as many times as they want and interrogate you to see if they can extract the answers they are looking for out of you.
The two main themes that were most apparent to me all throughout this chapter were the unrelenting pursuit of justice and guilt. Starting off with guilt, while still in Mexico Perry felt kind of guilty for how he brutally murdered an innocent family, and he was probably just realizing the magnitude of his crimes, as well as Dick’s. He also kind of began to believe that their motive of robbery was senseless, and even though Dick was having an easier time putting the past behind him while he vacationed in with, under aged, Mexican prostitutes, Perry could no as easily shake the feeling. Fortunately Dick is good with words and for a while he was able to sweet talk the thoughts of them slaying a family right out of his head, using corny jokes. The second and most undeniable theme I this second chapter is the unrelenting pursuit of justice , Mr. Dewey and his team of detectives and investigators worked tirelessly around the clock trying to find the killers by following countless leads, and pouring over the mountains of evidence that was equivalent to the size of two grins of salt. Another Quote that a saw too was hierarchy, it is very apparent that Dick is the leader of the group and he is calling all the shots and making all the decisions.
As I read this chapter some emotions that were evoked inside of ne from the text were, sympathy, disgust, fury, and detachment. All throughout this chapter my sympathy went out to a lot of people, quite ironic, and interestingly some of it was to the person that actually committed the crime. I felt sympathy for Perry because he loved he had a tough relationship with his father and also lost his mother, and he just seemed to be lost in life so he decided to choose a life of crime. My sympathy also goes out to detective Dewey who cannot be there for his afraid wife and children, because every second of his attention s being poured into this case. My feelings towards to the character Dick on the other hand are of disgust and fury, because he is a rude, conniving, self centered guy who is also preys o the young to fulfill his sexual desires. He also tried to rape the Clutter girl right before he intended to kill her and he would have went through with it if it were not for Perry, but that makes Perry no better man because he sill partook in the actions of robbing and killing the Clutters. I also feel disgust for Dick because he appears to be unphased at what he did and has no recourse, also I feel that Dick took advantage of Perry because he knew that he was able to do that to people. Dick knew that Perry had a fire in him already he just wanted to fuel it so he probably filled hi head with lies so that he could hurt the Clutters. My feelings of detachment are again towards dick and I feel detached from Dick because I feel that I could never remotely be who he is or do what eh does, and I could never compare myself to him.
Chapter Three Summary
The beginning of chapter three in the book was what blew the Clutter case wide open. The detectives did not have much evidence, close to none in fact, and they were relying solely on an eyewitness, and tips, and the far off chance that the killers would rethink their morals and turn themselves in, and on the morning of November1 18, 1959 they got what they wanted. A prisoner who is currently serving a lengthy sentence in lancing had previously celled with Dick, and admitted to telling Dick the whole layout of the Clutter property and where Mr. Clutter kept hi supposed safe, so it was partially his fault even though what he did had no intent to be malicious to the Clutters. The cell mate was reluctant to tell prison guards because he knew that if other prisoners were to find out he would be dubbed a ‘snitched’ and beat up. When Dick found out about the Clutter family and how they were wealthy and had teenage daughter, he tried his hardest to get every bit of information about them that his cell mate knew, and it was only a matter of time that he was released from prison and carried out the perfect crime. When the cell mate heard the details hear about the details about the crime on the radio he knew it had to be his former cell mate because the crime was explained the exact way Dick said he was going to do it when he got out. When detective Dewey found out whom the two killers were he immediately found their families and interrogated them to get a better sense of who he was dealing with. Unfortunately neither families had either of their relatives where about because they had left for México week ago.
While I Mexico Dick and Perry met some rich friends that could take care of them for a while, because Dick’s addiction to women burned out all the money they had left from the Clutters. Finally out of resources and rich acquaintances they were forced to go back to Kansas where Dick could do what he did best, scam.
Quote Analysis (1/2)
The first quote I chose came mid-way through the third chapter on page two hundred-sixteen. This quote was said by Dick and it reads, “The utter lack of it had led Dick to decide that their next move should be what Perry considered “a crazy man stunt” –a return to Kansas. This quote holds high significance to the text because that decision is ultimately what doomed their quest as bandit on the run in Mexico. That is why this quote is important, if Dick and Perry had never decided to go back to Kansas and write bad checks, they would have able to continue their run. The best bet for the pair was to remain in Mexico and despite the low wages, and try to conserve their money to make it last so that they can survive in the low paying Mexican economy. This quote reveals that Dick and Perry were really desperate because they knew the dangers of setting foot in Kansas again, and how it could put them in jeopardy of getting apprehended by the local authorities. There desperate decisions became more apparent when Dick decided to forge bad checks at stores of which people he knew. See in one local drug store, Dick wrote a bad check and a clerk found him suspicious so they got the tag number of the stolen truck he was driving, and she submitted it to police. This quote contributes to the text substantially because it tells us the main reason why the pair were caught, and then arrested in La Vegas. Without this quote I think readers would have lost as to how police caught them, especially since they left not a hint of DNA trails, physical trails and made up an alibi so strong it could withstand a thousand blows from a heavyweight boxer.
The second quote I chose for chapter three of In Cold Blood came on page one hundred-eighty and it was said by Floyd Wells who was a former employee at the Clutter ranch, and Dick’s ex-cell mate, and he is still serving his lengthy sentence at Lancing prison. The quote reads “I won’t really deny it-I told him he did. Because I seemed to remember a sort cabinet, or safe, right behind the desk in the room Mr. Clutter used as a office. This quote is the most important in the whole chapter because it seals the fate of the whole Clutter family, because Wells had told Dick the whereabouts of Mr. Clutter’s safe and supposedly its contents, and he did not know that Dick would even remotely in his right mind rob and then murder all four Clutters. This is also an important quote because we now know that the murders were not out of random, in fact the total opposite. The Clutters were preyed upon, their demise premeditated, and there were two men waiting to execute and then plan to end the life of the Cutters. This quote adds background information for the readers through a flashback, and I also believe that this quote foreshadows the capture of the two murders. This quote stood out to me because did not think that Mr. Clutter and the rest of the Clutter family were murdered by people that knew who they were going to kill, instead I suggested that this was a senseless crime where two men intended to commit robbery but in the mists of the crime they were forced to kill the whole family to keep from getting caught. Another reason why this quote is invaluable to the text is because it explains the motive to a crime that seem to be virtually motiveless.
The first rhetorical element that I used to analyze was said by Dick’s father regarding Dick when detective Dewey came to the Families home to learn about Dick in his past, before he committed the murder. The literary device reads “The whole world was against Dick Hickock- that was how he figured it.” This is a very important piece of information because first of all it could be a possibility why Dick acts the way he does. Actually I know for a fact because he felt that way when he was in Florida when he saw the rich man that was pool side, he envied him very much and felt that he was supposes to be the one at the pool with multiple women showering him with love and affection. But this literary device is also a hyperbole because it is an extreme exaggeration, about how Dick feels, because not only can actually matchup against the world, it’s impossible. This literary element enhances this piece of writing because it shows of why Dick always acts the way he does. Writing bad checks, rape, theft, those are all because Dick thinks that he deserves everything. I think the author put this rhetorical element here so that readers can better understand his past.
The second rhetorical device I chose came from chapter three of the book and it was said by a store clerk that Dick had one ripped off from one of his bad checks. The store clerk had really liked Dick’s mother and father, she thought they were very nice people and she knew Dick’s father was in poor health so to not put the family more stress she never pressed charges on Dick even though he had frequently stolen from her store. The rhetorical element reads “heart as big as a barn, his daddy too both of them plain honest people. “ I think that this literary device is both ironic and a simile. It’s a simile because it is comparing the size of Mrs. Hickock’s heart to the size of a barn, basically trying she has a good heart and that both of Dick’s parents are good, likable people. It is also ironic because how could someone be the son of such kind hearted people and end up being the total opposite, a thief, a con a murderer, and a rapist. This quote reveals that Dick came from a good and honest environment growing up, but as he got older he just chose a life of crime. I also think that the author put this literary device here to tell us how ironic it is for Dick to be such a bad guy and come from such a good home.
The third and final rhetorical element that I spotted in chapter three of the book was said by the narrator on the afternoon that the Holcomb police department discovered the identities of the two men that they have ruthlessly been pursuing, for almost three months. This literary element stood out to me because even though the detectives knew who they the people they have been looking for, for months, there was quite. There was quite in the police station which is ironic, because you would think that if they found the men that they had been tirelessly looking for, for months, they would be jumping for joy but the fact of the matter is that they did not want this story to be leaked to the media al all, so they tries to remain as calm as possible because if the media got a hold of this key piece of information they would broadcast it through news papers, TV, and radio, and that would tip off their perps and they would go back into hiding where detectives would never have another chance to get them again. So it was so ironic to me that the police department was not jumping for joy when they found out who committed the murders.
In this chapter there were many more themes apparent to me than any other of the other chapters so far since I have been reading. The three themes that stood out to me the most in this chapter were relief, Betray, and reminisce. Relief came more towards the end of the chapter when the city of Holcomb finally thought they could rest easy at night when the two Dick and Perry were extradited back into Holcomb, but the truth is that there was still some unrest throughout the community, most of them being skeptics that thought there was a third man from Holcomb involved. Maybe it was because Dick and Perry did not look the part of two murders that devised a plan to escape into thin air, you could not blame the one was short and one had a disfigured face. Despite the allegations Dick was the brains in the operation and Perry was the man to carry out all the dirty work, other than that just a tag along. Relief also overcame the detectives especially Dewey because he could finally do what he loved best, spend time with his family. Betray played a big part in Perry giving actual confession of the entire ordeal, over the six week run. See when Dick felt detectives were closing in on his story in their extensive interrogations, he quickly caved and passed all the blame right along to his partner. Also Mr. Clutter was betrayed by his former employee Mr. Wells that gave Dick all the information on how to get this secret safe and where it was while they were in Lansing. The final theme is reminisce and when Dick and Perry were caught they were doing a whole lo t of that inside of the interrogation rooms, on the ride back to Holcomb and even when they were asked about certain events while they were on trail.
This chapter left the door of sympathy wide open for me because as Perry went through the murders of the Clutter family with the detectives each and every moment he continued it grew more and more gruesome, and I felt so bad for the Clutters because their lives were taken extremely prematurely, especially Nancy and Kenyon’s. Unfortunately my door of sympathy slammed shut straight in his face because he was the one who unexpectedly initiated the killing in the house that night and pulled the trigger to end every single one of the Clutter’s lives. I still continue to feel disconnected from Dick because the things he does I would never imagine myself doing such as seducing under aged woman and trying to snag an opportunity to rape Nancy Clutter in such circumstances was something I could also never do. Also I never felt any sympathy for Dick because he never showed any remorse for what eh partook in. Another emotion that the book evoked inside of me was hope because I so desperately wanted the two run-away convicts to get caught and I know and I know I’m not the only one that is hopeful that these two get caught. The city must have been so hopeful that Dewey and his team of detectives would b able to catch these two criminals that had rocked the city of Holcomb to its core, and I think if he was not able to do that the town of Holcomb would never be the same again. People would be afraid to leave their houses at night, heck even during the day, and they would not be able to trust neighbors like they once did before. Another emotion I felt throughout the end of the chapter was anxiety, and I was anxious because there was still a chance that police would not be able to catch these two murders, especially if key pieces of the case leaked to the media.
Chapter Four Summary
After being extradited from Las Vegas to Holcomb the two criminals, Dick and Perry, were immediately given cells in the local sheriff’s office, the detectives were smart enough to keep them together, just so they could draw up an elaborate escape plan together. Dick stayed on the bottom half of the sheriff’s jail while his buddy Perry within the cell built into the living quarters of the sheriff’s assistant’s house. The wife of the sheriff’s assistant, Mrs. Myer had tried numerous times to comfort Perry for she had seen that he was very distraught and evidently had gone through a lot over the last few weeks with his companion Dick. They had not stayed in the county jail for long and Dick was already planning an escape, equipping himself a homemade shank that he would use to take an unassuming guard hostage, where he could make a break for it and steal a car and finally rid himself of his little parasite Perry. Perry was planning an escape of his own, but it involved him leaving in a coffin. He thought that he could use a broom to unscrew a light bulb, the only light bulb I the cell. Once the bulb was unscrewed he would break it and use a jagged edge to slit his wrist sand commit suicide. But his plans were interrupted because the two prisoners who had been in back in Holcomb or a week were rushed to trial. The defendants had trouble defending two men that had openly admitted to the prosecution that they were the ones who killed the Clutters. A big deciding factor that swayed the jury was that they owed the city of Holcomb and the remaining Clutters a guilty verdict. But a big question that often swirled throughout the court room was who the one was pulling the trigger, ending four lives that night, and it was Perry. Eventually after receiving the maximum penalty in the state of Kansas Dick and Perry were sent to Lancing where they were going to be executed in a few months. While in Lancing Dick wrote to anybody that would listen telling them that he and Perry’s defense was incompetent and despite many rescheduled execution dates the two were finally put to rest.
The first wrote I chose for chapter four of the book was said by Perry Smith when he was on the witness stand while he was on trial. The quote reads “The sister had told investigators that she was afraid of her brother, and requested that they please not let him know her present address.” When Perry was informed of this he smiled slightly and said, “I wish she would have been in that house that night, what a sweet scene.” This quote is important to the text because is it appear that Perry is not that mentally distraught man that could easily be taken advantage of to do anything anyone wants. Actually it shows that Perry was perfectly capable to commit this crime and shows that he was perfectly aware of what he did because he would not have wished it on anyone if he did not. I think that the author put this quote here to hinder the ability of the defense tem to successfully prove that Perry was mentally unstable, and that is why the prosecution did not have to do much to win over the jury because they were already convinced that the two men whose fait lied in their decision were cold blood ruthless killers. Also this quote tells us that maybe the defense team of Perry and Dick were probably not fit to defend because they did not do much to appeal the jury’s ruling, and they were from the town of Holcomb so they probably did not try their best to defend the two because they felt they deserved the death penalty. I think that this quote is foreshadowing that Dick and Perry will receive a guilty verdict from the jury. If this quote were not in the book I think that the jury would have swayed that maybe, at least.
The second quote I chose for my quote analysis in Chapter four of the book was said by Perry’s defense attorney Mr. Flemming and the quote reads “But these signs, coupled with newspaper advertisements on the radio, will be a constant reminder to every citizen in the community, among whom one hundred and fifty been called as prospective jurors.” This is an important quote because this was one of the Major reasons why Dick and Perry lost their case I trial, because they had been tried in a court where a lot of prejudice and hate was stacked up against them. The people and jurors wanted these two criminals dead before they even stood trial. Another reason why the decisions of the jurors was greatly swayed was because about the same time of the trial the Clutter estate and farm went up for auction and drew crowds of people from all over the United States and the event helped make the event of the Clutter’s death very fresh in the minds of the jurors and people in the community. That is why the defense attorney wanted a change of venue to escape the damning prejudice in the town of Holcomb, so that his clients could have a fair chance I the court of law. Since they had to deal with the hate and prejudice in the city the only mission of the defense attorney was to just to keep Dick and Perry off of death row, which was what they were looking at. This quote may be trying to foreshadow the doomed future that Dick and Perry will have on death row, because even without all the evidence or prejudice in the streets of Holcomb, Dick and Perry had extraordinary odds to overcome. Without this quote I think that Dick and Perry would have got life because if they had a different court venue and jury their trial could not be affected by the Clutter’s death and auction.
The first Rhetorical Element I chose for chapter four of the book came from Author Clutter, the brother of Herb Clutter at the court house on the day the trial of Dick and Perry officially started. He said “The way I feel, I could tear them apart.” Of course that is not possible and he is trying to exaggerate. When something is like this occurs and someone is using an extreme exaggeration, it is called a hyperbole. The part that is being exaggerated is the fact that Author wants to rip Dick and Perry apart and that is not possible so he is exaggerating. This quote could be foreshadowing that the two convicts will be getting which is death, but it will not be by the Author Clutter more like the state of Kansas by setting them in the electric chair. The affect of this rhetorical element is an understanding maybe how the rest of the of the living Clutter family is feeling towards the two men that ended their relatives lives, especially their eldest daughters that lost both parents and two younger siblings. I think that the two did not attend the trial because they did not want to have the feeling of emptiness still fresh in their hearts.
The second rhetorical element I chose from chapter four of the book came from Perry Smith on Page three hundred thirty-five, and it came when Perry was giving his oral confession to detective Dewey, while he was being back to Holcomb Kansas to get justice for his crimes. The literary element reads “I had lost a lot of weight while Dick and I were riding all to hell and gone-hardly eating a square meal, hungry as hell most of the time. Mostly we lived as animals.” First off this quote has multiple literary devices hidden inside of it, the first one comes when Perry says that they were hungry as hell, which is a simile. He was trying to compare how bad his hunger was to something as bad as hell. . Also he uses a hyperbole and a simile when he said he and Dick were living like animals, while they were not the run. This is a hyperbole because he exaggerates saying how bad there hunger was and when they did eat they ate sloppily and this is a simile because he compares the way they ate when they were hungry while on the run to animals using the words like or as.
While reading this chapter I had came across a literary device that I have yet to see and it stood out to me a great deal. This literary device was said by the state prosecutor’s closing statements in contest to the defenses closing statements to try to make sure that he and the jury were on the same page to put these two killers to death. The quote that the prosecutor reads is “Thou shalt not kill, this refers to the unlawful killing”, also “he that kill a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death. “These are bible verses and the way that the prosecutor uses them is in the form of an allusion, an allusion is an indirect or direct reference to a person place or thing and in this case the prosecutor was making an indirect reference to a thing, which is the testament of the bible. Initially the use of the Lord was brought up by the defense to convince the jury that life of another human was not to be tampered with by another human, and only the Lord had that power, but it backfired because the prosecution use the testament to say that is also against the testament to kill another man.
Again sympathy was an emotion that was evoked inside of me because of the book. Specifically at the last few pages of the book when detective Dewey had gone to the Clutter grave site after Dick and Perry’s execution and trial were over and he unexpectedly saw a familiar young and pretty girl that was already there. The girl was Susan Kidwell and she was visiting the town of Holcomb because she was break from college. She went to the University of Kansas and studied art, a dream that she and her friend Nancy Clutter wanted to fulfill. Together, but now she is living it out by herself. Something else unexpected happened in this chapter, I felt sympathy for Dick, which I thought would never happen. The reason why I felt bad for him was because he had lost his father to cancer while he was serving life prison sentence in Lancing. Also he finally showed remorse to the Clutter family after all that that happened, and he expressed his regrets for the first time in the whole book he apologized. If he showed these emotions during the trial he probably would have been spared by the highly prejudice jury. 4But at the same time I felt sympathy for Dick I felt anger towards Judge Tate, the judge of Dick and Perry’s trial. I feel angry towards him because he basically fixed the trial, he did not give Dick and Perry a good enough chance to win in the court, he was supposed to t least change the venue of the trial. Also I don’t think that he should of bee the judge of this case because he personally knew Mr. Clutter, so his emotions towards the two were most likely affecting his judgments that doomed Dick and Perry’s fate.
In the final chapter of the book In Cold Blood there were no themes that were more apparent now that ever. The three main themes that I came across are justice, loneliness, and regret. These themes mainly pertain to Dick and Perry because in this chapter they basically are celebrities in the town of Holcomb. All eyes and attention were on them when they were being held in the Holcomb jail. The reason why I felt justice was a major theme in this chapter was because when Dick and Perry were executed the town of Holcomb and the remaining living Clutters finally felt they had gotten the justice they deserved. Loneliness was mainly how Perry because he had zero people coming to visit him n is prison cell while Dick had numerous reporters, his lawyer, and mother. But who could have visited Perry, his dad probably didn’t know that he was even in this predicament and his mom past away and his sister was deathly afraid of him. The third and final theme that I picked out for chapter four of the book was regret and I chose that because while Dick and Perry, along with every other prisoner on death row were rotting away in their cells, I bet they felt mountains of regret for the evil things that they did ti get on the row.